Women Who Make History: March 8, International Women's Day
International Women's Day, declared by the United Nations in 1977, is celebrated on 8 March every year. The story of the emergence of Women's Day, which supports the existence of women in economic, social and political fields arises curiosity. The story of March 8, International Women's Day, which is dedicated to women who demand the right of their labor, do not give up, and fight for equality between men and women.
International Women's Day, also known as International Working Women's Day, is an international day celebrated with activities in various parts of the world. International Women's Day, the focal point of the women's rights movement, has a long history. International Women's Day, which aims to develop women's social and political awareness and to take their place in the economic, political and social arena, is at the center of women's rights.
The 1800s: A Struggle for Equality, Full of Protests and Strikes
The beginning of women's struggle for equal rights with men dates back to March 8, 1857. On March 8, 1857, hundreds of women working in the textile industry in New York City, USA, started to protest the long working hours and inhumane working conditions. 40,000 weaving workers begin to strike against inhumane working conditions. As the conditions became unbearable, the women protesting were struggling to work in better conditions.
In the society where women and men were not equal, patriarchy was dominant. Although women did the same work as men, they were paid almost half as much. This action, which started among women, was an event of a kind that had never been seen before. Women protested to have equal rights with men in society.
Women faced many interventions during the strike. However, women, who continued their protests without taking a step back, were marching from poor to rich neighborhoods. The women's protests, which were exposed to the intervention of the police forces, continued to grow. The police, who intervened in the strike on March 8, locked the workers in the factory. Meanwhile, a fire broke out in the factory and a total of 146 workers, 129 of which was women, died in the fire.
This painful event paves the way for many workers to revolt and to struggle in unity. Women's Day is a day celebrated to honor the women who lost their lives during the struggle. The day of women's labor and struggle.
Celebration of March 8, International Women's Day
We see the first commemoration of women in 1909 in America. In February 1908, New York women marched for many demands such as equality in economic and social rights and voting. During this commemoration, 20 thousand women textile workers went on strike in Manhattan and thousands of women workers were arrested for this. The strike was implemented for 2 months. After this resistance, employers had to fulfill the demands of the workers.
Another event that led to the determination of International Women's Day is that the 1917 February Revolution, which caused the collapse of tsarism in Russia, started with women's marches and strikes on March 8 according to the Gregorian calendar. In 1917, Russian working women took to the streets with the slogans "We want bread and peace". On the fourth day of the actions, the Russian tsar was deposed. The provisional government established gave women the right to vote and be elected.
Held in Copenhagen, Denmark on 26-27 August 1910, at the II. International Socialist Women's Conference affiliated to the Socialist International, the proposal of German Social Democratic Party Delegates Clara Zetkin and Kate Duncker, to celebrate the women's rights struggle, which started in 1857, as "Women's Day" is accepted. The first commemoration as International Working Women's Day was held on 19 March 1911 in Germany and Switzerland. The determination of the date as March 8 took place at the 3rd International Women's Conference held in Moscow in 1921.
Women's Day was mainly celebrated by socialist movements and communist countries until the feminist movement was adopted in 1967. It was officially celebrated by the United Nations in 1975. In 1977, the United Nations General Assembly declared 8 March as “Women's Rights, International Day of Peace”.
Women's Day Celebrations in Our Country
Turkey, which is ahead of many countries in granting women rights, celebrated 8 March Women's Day for the first time in 1921. In this respect, our country has taken a leading position for many countries.
In Turkey, International Women's Day is celebrated every year on March 8 with various activities.
As Schmart, we celebrate the 8 March International Women's Day of all our women and strive to make women more visible and let them have a say in social, political and social life. Let's not forget that a freer, fairer and more equal world is possible with strong women.